Pandanus tectorius ( Screwpine ) – Tube Stock


Altitudinal range from sea level to 300 m.

Plants are very tolerant of maritime exposure, including buffeting from moderate to severe tropical cyclones.

Established plants can tolerate droughts of 3 – 6 months and will continue to fruit, and are also tolerant of extended periods of soil waterlogging.

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Pandanus tectorius is a small, often multi-stemmed, evergreen tree with conspicuous prop roots and prickly stems.

It usually grows around 3 – 7 metres tall, occasionally to 14 metres.
Sword-like leaves that can be 1 metre long grow in clusters at the top of the tree and ends of branches.

It is found in areas where the mean annual temperature ranges from 24 – 28°c, the mean temperature of the hottest month is 28 – 36°c and that of the coldest month is 17 – 25°c, though one report says that it can tolerate occasional temperatures down to almost freezing.

Mean annual rainfall varies from 1,500 – 4,000mm, with no dry season or a short dry season of 2 – 3 months.

Succeeds in sun or partial shade, preferring a moist but well-drained soil in a sunny position.

It is adapted to an extraordinarily wide range of light to heavy­textured soil types, including brackish/saline soils, light­coloured, infertile coralline atoll sands, alkaline sands, thin soils over limestone, and peaty swamps.

Grows well in sandy soils.
Does well in poor or highly alkaline soils.


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